WHAT IS MIGRAINE?
Migraine, which is not an ordinary headache but a neurological disease that can be treated, is among the most common reasons for consulting a doctor. The incidence of migraine in young women, when the hormones are active, is three times that of men.
It is known that approximately 20% of women and 8% of men suffer from migraine. Migraine headaches are throbbing or sharp, especially in the temporal side. Memorial Health Group Neurology Department Specialists gave information about migraine and its treatment.
If your headache occurs in attacks, this pain is called migraine pain. Migraine attacks can be seen 1-2 times a year in some, and many times in a month in others. It can be said that most of the migraine pains are very severe.
Apart from being a severe headache, the most important feature that distinguishes migraine pain from other pains is the nausea, sensitivity to sound and light that occurs with the pain.
Migraine sufferers find it difficult to complete their daily work due to these ailments accompanying the headache. However, a long process and specialist doctor control is very important for a complete diagnosis of migraine.
WHAT ARE MIGRAINE SYMPTOMS?
The main symptom of migraine is severe headache. Migraine headaches are so severe that; it may affect the performance of a function or render the person incapacitated, forcing bed rest.
One of the symptoms of migraine is unilateral headache. These unilateral headaches, which can change sides from time to time, generally tend to affect one half more than the other. In migraine, the headache is often located in the temporal sides and sometimes in the eye or behind the eye.
The forehead, the back of the head, and just behind the ear are the most common places for migraine headaches. In addition to headache, migraine symptoms such as hypersensitivity-reactivity, depressive mood, excessive and unnecessary cheerfulness, stagnation / dullness, decrease in concentration and attention, slowdown in thought, difficulty in finding words, stuttering while talking, increased light-sound-smell sensitivity, yawning, sleepiness, hunger, desire to eat sweets, increased appetite or loss of appetite, excessive water drinking, feeling of bloating, constipation or diarrhea are also frequently observed. During migraine pain, increased sensitivity to light and sound can be so severe that; exposure to them can increase the severity of pain. Another well-known migraine symptom is an increased sensitivity to smell. For this reason, nausea and vomiting may increase even due to pleasant smells such as perfume.
HOW IS MIGRAINE TREATED?
Patients can get rid of migraine attacks with correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment planning. In the treatment of migraine, if the pain is infrequent after the diagnosis of migraine; crisis treatment is planned to relieve pain attacks.
Preventive treatment should be applied when attacks occur 1-2 times a week or more. In the treatment of migraine, pain attacks can disappear or their frequency and severity can be reduced by eliminating the factors that trigger migraine (such as hunger, insomnia, hormone use).
Likewise, the drugs used under expert control are also very important in the treatment of migraine. A pain-free life for years can be achieved with medications taken only once a day under the control of a doctor.
For an effective headache treatment, medications and changing the daily life routine are very important. If you do not plan your daily life according to migraine, only using migraine drugs will not be beneficial.
Be sure to pay attention to these issues in your daily life;
- Keeping a headache calendar or headache diary
- Not sleeping less or too much
- Doing regular exercise
- Learning ways to cope with stress
- Reaching an appropriate weight
- Avoiding alcohol
Migraine medications: Although using medication in the treatment of migraine is one of the first preventive methods that comes to mind, it should be taken with the advice of a specialist doctor. The right migraine medications can end migraine attacks.
If you have nausea accompanying your migraine pain, it may be beneficial to use drugs that prevent nausea and migraine pain together. However, migraine medication should not be used with the advice of a spouse or friend. A migraine medicine that helps your friend may not help you.
WHAT TRIGGERS MIGRAINE?
Migraine triggers may differ from person to person. While a different cause may trigger an attack in the same person, another migraine attack may be triggered by a different cause. Therefore, it is useful to pay attention to all triggers.
For example, certain foods such as cheese and chocolate can trigger migraines. In addition, skipping meals or delaying meals, not drinking enough water can also cause migraine attacks. Sleep patterns are also important for migraine. Less or too much sleep, intense exercise, and long-term travel can also cause migraines.